FUN QUIZ: 7 Questions to Test Your Knowledge About Giardia

As we continue to have a strong presence at veterinary conferences in 2017, we couldn’t be happier about being in this space with such a dedicated group of professionals. We’ve talked to you, and you’ve told us so much about what day to day veterinary practice is all about. You have great stories about amazing diagnostic “catches” and long-term care successes.

However, most of you agree that pet owners appreciate prompt and effective treatment of common clinical signs, like diarrhea. Parasites are a common cause of diarrhea in dogs, and some are a bit more frustrating than others – like giardia dudodenalis in dogs.

How much do you know about giardia? We’ve scoured the literature and recent proceedings to come up with a little quiz. We hope you will find it entertaining and maybe even enlightening!

  1. Younger animals have a higher rate of infection than older animals
    1. True
    2. False
  2. Standing water is a major source of infection. Which of the following statements about water temperature and cyst viability it true?
    1. Cysts are inactivated in 11 weeks at water temperature of 39 degrees Fahrenheit
    2. Cysts are inactivated in 4 days at water temperature of 77 degrees Fahrenheit
    3. Water temperature has no effect on inactivation of cysts
  3. Effective disinfection of hard surfaces can be accomplished with
    1. Quaternary ammonium (alky dimethyl ammonium chloride) compounds only
    2. ¾ cup bleach to 1 gallon of water only
    3. Quaternary ammonium compounds, bleach or soap and water
    4. Quaternary ammonium compounds or bleach
  4. Dishwater-safe toys and food/water bowls are best disinfected in a dishwasher with a dry cycle that exceeds:
    1. 100 degrees Fahrenheit for 20 minutes, 122 degrees Fahrenheit for 5 minutes, or 200 degrees Fahrenheit for 1 minute
    2. 113 degrees Fahrenheit for 20 minutes, 122 degrees Fahrenheit for 5 minutes, or 162 degrees Fahrenheit for 1 minute
    3. Temperature and cycle length is not an issue and any setting in a residential dishwasher will inactivate cysts.
  5. Which of the following recommendations for outdoor shared spaces is false?
    1. Remove feces (use gloves) promptly
    2. Remove all standing water and limit access to streams, lakes, etc.
    3. Use the cleaning compounds recommended for hard surfaces on outdoor surfaces exposed to feces
    4. Bathe all exposed dogs with shampoo regularly until infection is resolved
  6. A Google search brings up many consumer-related sites. From the following list, which is most CORRECT?
    1. According to people are rarely infected by dog giardia
    2. According to (Drs. Foster & Smith), it is unknown if Giardia that infects dogs infects people.
    3. According to giardia crosses species and infects people
  7. Which test is the best to evaluate giardia shedding in an asymptomatic dog or a post-treatment dog without clinical signs?
    1. ELISA
    2. Fecal floatation

Check the answer key below to see how well you scored! Did you learn anything new? Please find us on Facebook and Twitter and give us your comments.

Answer Key:
1. a
2. a
3. b
4. b
5. c
6. a.
7. b

1. Lieb, M. Giardia & Trichomonas foetus: Diagnosis and Treatment. Presented at Western Veterinary Conference 2016 Annual Conference: March 6-10, 2016; Las Vegas, NV. Accessed June 2017.
2. Olson, M.E., Goh, J., Phillips, M., et al. Giardia cyst and Cryptosportidium Oocyst Survival in Water, Soil and Cattle Feces. J Environ. Qual. 29:1991-1996. 1999.
3. DeBess, E, Fling, K. Giardia in Your Neighborhood. Presented at the North American Veterinary Conference 2016 Annual Conference; January 16-20, 2016; Orlando, FL. Accessed June 2017.
4. DeBess, E, Fling, K. Giardia in Your Neighborhood. Presented at the North American Veterinary Conference 2016 Annual Conference; January 16-20, 2016; Orlando, FL. Accessed June 2017.
5. DeBess, E, Fling, K. Giardia in Your Neighborhood. Presented at the North American Veterinary Conference 2016 Annual Conference; January 16-20, 2016; Orlando, FL. Accessed June 2017.

PARATEST® Helps Pets, Vets, and the Community

While attending the Western Veterinary Conference in Las Vegas, Nevada, PARATEST® was introduced to Gennifer Davenport, CVT, at Noah’s Animal House Foundation. Noah’s is part of a social services and charitable network in Clark County, Nevada that among other good work, provides care to pets of women who have been victims of domestic violence. While the women are being assisted by the social service organization, Noah’s will intake their pets, provide free healthcare for the pet, and house the pet until the pet owner has the ability to reassume care.

Learning about the great work of Gennifer and Noah’s PARATEST® made a generous donation of parasite diagnostic kits. With this donation, all animals being cared for by Noah’s can receive fecal testing for parasites upon intake. In the next six months, Noah’s will expand their services to Reno, Nevada where they will continue their mission of helping people and pets in distress. Gennifer said she is very grateful to have met the PARATEST® team, and looks forward to being part of future product roll-outs as well.

Another organization helped by PARATEST® recently is the Community Veterinary Center in Eugene, Oregon. This non-profit center serves a very low income demographic that possess little or no resources to provide healthcare for their animals. In addition, they are connected to the Last Chance Rescue providing free care and home placement for abandoned cats. The PARATEST® team was pleased to meet and provide a donation of PARATEST® kits to Deidre Leiner, CVT, who runs both these facilities. Deidre expressed great appreciation for the donation and also agreed to be a testing partner for future related products. Bio-Techne and PARATEST® will continue to demonstrate our sincere commitment to animals by supporting and partnering with veterinary organizations who share our same values of helping those in need.

Highlights from Nashville AAHA

“Roll into town step off the bus,
Shake off the where you came from dust,
Grab your guitar, walk down the street,
Sign says Nashville, Tennessee,
But I have found,
It's a crazy town full of neon dreams,
Everybody plays everybody sings”
–Jason Aldean, “Crazy Town”

Nashville, Tennessee has a lot to offer a country music fan like myself. When I was invited to attend AAHA Nashville 2017 as my first veterinary trade show, the Music City had even more to offer. Having been on stage a small handful of times, I can appreciate the nerve-wracking feelings of performance. As Jason Aldean sings in his song “Crazy Town,” everybody plays music and everybody sings. It’s all around you, everywhere you go. Nashville is where musicians and song writers go to make it big. They play from late morning when Broadway wakes up until early morning when Broadway goes to sleep. Being up on stage feeling the heat of the lights, hearing the buzz of the crowd is amazing. It’s like electricity; a hum of energy all around you. I had the chance to experience that energy again at the AAHA conference where country music met veterinary education. The American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA) conference was held at Music City center which spans the length of three blocks of downtown Nashville. When compared to the iconic Tooties Orchid Lounge, which is less than half of one block, it is truly an incredible amount of space. Within the expansive venue, the PARATEST® product had its moment to shine… and it stole the spotlight! Interest was represented from across the US and Canada, from Practice Managers and Veterinarians through Veterinary Technicians and students. PARATEST® received the “ooo”s and “ahhh”s we had hoped for with its sleek all-in-one design and 15-day stability that allows the users to process at their convenience. It’s brawn and brain together in a mess-free container. We exhibited the freedom in PARATEST®’s processing by explaining it does not require the user to wait for that perfect window before the slip cover crystallizes. It simply gets inverted for 15 minutes while the patented filter holds back debris and allows parasites to fall through. We also provided the attendees at the show with our on-going research showing PARATEST®’s strength compared to the standard floatation method. A true show-stopper! I felt especially honored to be a part of the AAHA Nashville 2017. I heard from several attendees that this is their favorite show and they attend every year. There is an extremely loyal group that respects the value the show brings with it wherever it travels. I could easily see that value when I saw that on the tradeshow floor, the AAHA sponsored a local shelter to bring in kittens for an enclosed “Cat Lounge”. With a donation of your choosing, you could go play with kittens that were up for adoption in the local Nashville shelters! It’s amazing that I didn’t come home with four new cute family members! Our team’s training from two other tradeshows this year put us in the perfect position to increase our efficiency at our booth, and speak with everyone that expressed interest. You can certainly tell that these individuals love their jobs when they excitedly come over to your booth to find new ways of making their practice more efficient and treatments better geared towards patient care. I can’t wait to attend more conferences and shows like this to help PARATEST® become the best new product every Veterinarian, Technician, and Practice Manager has ever seen.

Highlights from NAVC: Diving In With Both Feet (All Paws!)

You know that feeling when you’ve been working so hard at something (such as a college degree) or waiting so long for something (such as a walk down the aisle with Mr. or Ms. Right)? “The Day” arrives, and there’s that mental volley that takes place over the net of insecurity tied between your ears: “Oh my gosh…it’s finally here…am I ready…can I do this?” You look like a dog at the edge of a dock wanting so much to reach that enticing, bobbing, floating tennis ball.

Then what? You jump in with both feet! You paddle, swallow a little water, and sink your teeth into your goal. It feels good! A little help to dry off behind your ears, and you’re ready to go again.

That was me last week. After many months of meetings, preparation, trial and error, more meetings, feedback, great ideas, lousy ideas, a few more meetings, and an indescribable amount of focus and determination by co-workers and peers, I arrived at my first veterinary trade show to help launch a new product… I jumped in and got my first tennis ball. Thankfully, I’m part of a great pack.

The 2017 North American Veterinary Community (NAVC) Conference was held at the Orange County Convention Center in Orlando, FL from February 4 - 8. The OCCC venue was a new home for the convention, as NAVC outgrew the previous locations. As a side note, the name “NAVC” is changing as well: Starting in 2018, the conference will be known as the Veterinary Meeting & Expo (VMX).

Suffice it to say, #NAVC2017 is big. Like, ‘Great Dane’ big. Like, 'Take-a-Bus-to-a-Satelite-Parking-Lot-Just-to-Get-to-Your-Rental-Car' big. Despite its size-ness, everything ran efficiently and looked pretty slick. Yes, there were interminably long lines at the lunch stands which resulted in my bolting across the street for a bite at the Hyatt, but I needed to get my daily five minutes of Florida vitamin D (aka “Sun”) anyway.

Our product offering, PARATEST,® a self-contained, eco-friendly parasitological test system for companion animals, was well-positioned. There was no doubt the product belonged there. We were excited to capture the eyes, ears, and hearts of veterinarians, vet technicians, and staff. These are our people, and we sincerely enjoyed our conversations with them. Our booth display, backlit and compelling, drew attendees in with a curious gaze. One after another, they asked, "What’s this little bottle of green liquid for?"

The interaction between our team and the attendees was good-natured and excited. After all, the discussion revolved around the joys and tribulations of conducting fecal testing in-clinic or in-hospital. The inevitable “toilet humor” never ceased.

At the same time, we also learned a great deal about what’s important to these men and women who have made animal care their profession and calling. Perhaps it’s the nature of working with pets - these lovable, thinking-and-feeling beings that can’t quite tell us when something’s wrong but still really need our help - that give these professionals a softer, more approachable side. Animals need to trust implicitly, and these pet care professionals know how to cultivate that trust with ease.

Time to dry off, maybe eat some bacon, and get back out on the dock. The Western Veterinary Conference is next and I’m looking forward to diving in again with both feet… or rather, all paws!

Come see PARATEST® at Booth 3746 at WVC on March 5 – 9 in Las Vegas, and follow us on Facebook in the meantime!